Leviticus 24 Commentary



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Leviticus 23-24 Come Celebrate the Feasts
Leviticus - Festivals (Feasts); Day of Atonement (scroll down)
Leviticus 24 Commentary

Leviticus 24 Commentary
Leviticus 24:1-9 Oil and Loaves: An Everlasting Covenant

Leviticus 24:10-23 Blasphemy and an Eye for an Eye: The Lex Talionis

Leviticus: Gifts to God
Leviticus 23 Feast of Unleavened Bread & Day of Pentecost (cp Acts 2)
Sabbath in the Temple; Festive Cycles and Arrangement of the Calendar; The Passover

The Paschal Feast and the Lord’s Supper; The Feast of Unleavened Bread and the Day of Pentecost

The Feast of Tabernacles; The Day of Atonement; Post-Mosaic Festivals
The New Moons: The Feast of the Seventh New Moon, or of Trumpets, or New Year’s Day

Leviticus 24 Commentary
Leviticus 24:1-4 The Golden Candlestick

Leviticus 24:5-9 The Table of Showbread

Leviticus 24:10-13 The Name

Leviticus Manner's & Customs -  The Feast of Trumpets
Leviticus 24 Commentary
Leviticus - enter Scripture, select Video for lecture - Leviticus 23:1-3 Times of Rest; Leviticus 23:1-3 Times of Rest
Leviticus 24:10-23 Sin's Consequences

Leviticus 24 Commentary
Leviticus 24 Commentary
Leviticus 24 Commentary
Leviticus 23 Feasts;  
Passover & Unleavened Bread Feast of Trumpets
Leviticus 24 Commentary
Leviticus 24 Commentary
Leviticus - Christ in the Book of Leviticus
Leviticus 24 Commentary
Leviticus Festivals (Feasts)
Leviticus 24:1-9 Leviticus 24:10-23

Leviticus 24 Commentary

Christ as Seen in the Offerings

Leviticus 24 Commentary
Leviticus 24:1-23 The Holy Light and the Shew-Bread (The Expositor's Bible)

Leviticus 17-26 Commentary
The Levitical Dietary Laws in the Light of Modern Science
Leviticus Offerings and Sacrifices
Leviticus 24 Commentary
Leviticus 24 Commentary;  Leviticus 24 Commentary

Leviticus 24 Commentary
Leviticus Summary (33 page summary by chapter)
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Leviticus 21 Brief Comments  Leviticus 22 Brief Comments
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Feast of Atonement - Leviticus 16

Leviticus 24 Commentary (Hint: Scroll down page for related Homilies)
Leviticus 23 The Holidays Of God: The Fall Feasts
Leviticus 23 The Holidays Of God: The Spring Feasts

Leviticus 24 - 27 Putting Things In Order

Leviticus Lectures - The Holy Festivals
Leviticus 24 Commentary
Leviticus 24:1-3 The Golden Candlestick

Leviticus 24:5-9 The Shew-Bread

Leviticus 24:13-15 The Blasphemer Stoned

Leviticus 24 The Pattern Of Man

Leviticus 21-27 Priestly Laws, Special Times, Blessings, Cursings and Vows - This is a Power Point

Leviticus 24 Devotionals
Leviticus 24 Commentary
Leviticus 24 Commentary
Leviticus 24 Commentary


Leviticus 24 Commentary
Commentary Updated March 18, 2015
Under Construction

Leviticus 24:1 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,  


This introductory "formula" is found some 30 times in the book of Leviticus.


Lev 4:1; 5:14; 6:1, 8, 19, 24; 7:22, 28; 8:1; 11:1, 12:1; 13:1; 14:1; 16:1; 17:1; 18:1; 19:1; 20:1; 21:16; 22:1, 17, 26; 23:1, 23:9, 23, 26, 33; 24:1, 13; 27:1


Leviticus 24:2 "Command the sons of Israel that they bring to you clear oil from beaten olives for the light , to make a lamp burn continually.  (2 that they. Ex. 27:20, 21; 39:37; 40:24, 25. Nu. 8:2–4. 1 Sa. 3:3, 4. the lamps. 2 Ch. 13:11. Ps. 119:105, 130. Pr. 6:23. Is. 8:20; 11:2. Mat. 4:16; 5:16; 25:1–8. Luke  1:79; 12:35. John 1:4, 9; 5:35; 8:12. Ac. 26:18. 2 Co. 4:6. Ep. 1:17, 18; 5:8–14. Phil 2:15, 16. burn continually. Heb. ascend.


Leviticus 24:3 "Outside the veil of testimony in the tent of meeting, Aaron shall keep it in order from evening to morning before the Lord continually; it shall be a perpetual statute throughout your generations.  (


Leviticus 24:4 "He shall keep the lamps in order on the pure gold lampstand before the Lord continually. (the pure. Ex. 25:31–39; 31:8; 37:17–24; 39:37. Nu. 3:31; 4:9. 1 Ki. 7:49. 1 Ch. 28:15. Je. 52:19. Zec. 4:2, 3, 11–14. He. 9:2. Re. 1:20; 2:1, 5; 11:4.

Leviticus 24:5 "Then you shall take fine flour and bake twelve cakes with it; two-tenths of an ephah shall be in each cake. (Ex. 25:30; 40:23. 1 Ki. 18:31. 1 Sa. 21:4, 5. Mat. 12:4. Ac. 26:7. Jas. 1:1.


Treasury of Scripture Knowledge - The loaves of bread which the officiating priest placed every sabbath day upon the golden table in the Sanctum, before the Lord, were twelve in number, representing the twelve tribes of Israel. The loaves must have been large, since two tenth deals (about six pints) of flour were used for each, Le. 24:3, 6, 7. They were served up hot on the sabbath day in the Sanctum, when the stale ones, which had been exposed the whole week, were taken away, and none but the priests were allowed to eat them. In an extraordinary extremity, David and his men partook of the shew-bread, (see 1 Sa. 21:6,) the urgent necessity alone justifying the act. The Hebrew signifies bread of faces, or, of the face.


Leviticus 24:6 "You shall set them in two rows, six to a row, on the pure gold table before the Lord.  ( two rows. 1 Co. 14:40. pure. Ex. 25:23, 24. 37:10–16; 39:36; 40:22, 28. 1 Ki. 7:48. 2 Ch. 4:19; 13:11. He. 9:2.


Leviticus 24:7 "You shall put pure frankincense on each row that it may be a memorial portion for the bread, even an offering by fire to the Lord.  ( pure. Lev 2:2. Ep. 1:6. He. 7:25. Re. 8:3, 4. the bread. John 6:35, 51. a memorial. Ge. 9:16. Ex. 12:14; 13:9; 17:14. Ac. 10:4, 31. 1 Co. 11:23–25.


Leviticus 24:8 "Every sabbath day he shall set it in order before the Lord continually; it is an everlasting covenant for the sons of Israel.  (Nu. 4:7. 1 Ch. 9:32; 23:29. 2 Ch. 2:4. Ne. 10:33. Mat. 12:3–5.


Leviticus 24:9 "It shall be for Aaron and his sons, and they shall eat it in a holy place; for it is most holy to him from the Lord's offerings by fire, his portion forever." (Aaron. Lev 8:31. 1 Sa. 21:6. Mal. 1:12. Mat. 12:4. Mark  2:26. Luke  6:4. they shall. Lev. 6:16; 8:3, 31; 10:17; 21:22. Ex. 29:32, 33.

Leviticus 24:10 Now the son of an Israelite woman, whose father was an Egyptian, went out among the sons of Israel; and the Israelite woman's son and a man of Israel struggled with each other in the camp.  ( Ex. 12:38. Nu. 11:4)


Leviticus 24:11 The son of the Israelite woman blasphemed the Name and cursed. So they brought him to Moses. (Now his mother's name was Shelomith, the daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan.)  (blasphemed. Lev 24:15, 16. Ex. 20:7. 2 Sa. 12:14. 1 Ki. 21:10, 13. 2 Ki. 18:30, 35, 37; 19:1–3, 6, 10, 22. 2 Ch. 32:14–17. Ps. 74:18, 22. Mat. 26:65. Ac. 6:11–13. Ro. 2:24. 1 Ti. 1:13. Re. 16:11, 21) ( brought him. Ex. 18:22, 26. Nu. 15:33–35)


Leviticus 24:12 They put him in custody so that the command of the Lord might be made clear to them. (of the Lord Ex. 18:15, 16, 23 Nu. 27:5; 36:5, 6)


Leviticus 24:13 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,  (


Leviticus 24:14 "Bring the one who has cursed outside the camp, and let all who heard him lay their hands on his head; then let all the congregation stone him.  (without. Lev 13:46. Nu. 5:2–4; 15:35. all that. Dt 13:9; 17:7. let all the. Lev 20:2, 27. Nu. 15:35, 36. Dt 13:10; 21:21; 22:21. Jos. 7:25. John 8:59; 10:31–33. Ac. 7:58, 59)


Outside the camp (this exact phrase 28x in 27v in NAS) - Ex 29:14; 33:7; Lev 4:12, 21-note; Lev 6:11-note.; Lev 8:17-note.; Lev 9:11; Lev 13:46-note.; Lev 16:27-note (good note by Richard Phillips).; Lev 17:3-note.; Lev 24:14, 23-note.; Nu 5:3-4; 12:14-15; 15:35-36; 19:3, 9; 31:13, 19; Dt 23:10, 12; Josh 6:23; Heb 13:11-note Heb 13:13-note. and "outside the gate" in Heb 13:12-note.


Leviticus 24:15 "You shall speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'If anyone curses his God, then he will bear his sin.  (bear his sin. Lev 5:1; 20:16, 17. Nu. 9:13)


Leviticus 24:16 'Moreover, the one who blasphemes the name of the Lord shall surely be put to death; all the congregation shall certainly stone him. The alien as well as the native, when he blasphemes the Name, shall be put to death. ( Ex. 20:7. 1 Ki. 21:10–13. Ps. 74:10, 18; 139:20. Mat. 12:31. Mark  3:28, 29. John 8:58, 59; 10:33–36. Ac. 26:11. 1 Ti. 1:13. Jas. 2:7)


Here is an response to the question about stoning one who committed blasphemy. Isn't this too harsh? Why not carry this out in the New Testament?

Question: "Didn’t the Old Testament punish blasphemy with death? How is that different from radical Islam?"

Answer: Leviticus 24:16 says, “Anyone who blasphemes the name of the LORD must be put to death. The entire assembly must stone him. Whether an alien or native-born, when he blasphemes the Name, he must be put to death.” So, yes, the Mosaic Law did require the death penalty for those who blasphemed the name of God.

First, we must remember that the Israelites in the time of Moses lived under a theocracy. God's people in the Old Testament prior to the coming of Christ were identified externally through their adherence to the Law. The theocracy encompassed everything from ceremonial religious rites to civic bylaws. The Law regulated dress code, diets, relationships, contracts, and even benevolence. The Law provided harsh penalties for wrongdoing, including the sin of blasphemy. One of the purposes of the Law was to establish the conviction that God is holy. God’s name, as an expression of His nature, is also holy (Psalm 99:3; Luke 1:49).

The coming of Christ signaled a transition in how God's people are identified. They had been previously identified through the Jewish culture and a theocratic marriage of “church” and state. With Jesus came the New Covenant, and God’s people were identified internally: “The kingdom of God is within you” (Luke 17:21). In order to provide open access to God, Jesus fulfilled the Old Testament Law (Matthew 5:17-
commentary-See also Got Questions?). No longer were sacrifices necessary because He was the once-for-all sacrifice. No longer were specific dress requirements necessary. And no longer were God’s people identified by a state under theocratic rule. Certainly, the spread of the gospel was aided by the fact that it didn’t require an overhaul of the state governing authorities in other nations.

Christianity is not to be associated with revolution on a civil level. This is the problem with Islam. It can only be spread through conquest and forced submission. Faith is not required, only surrender. This is disingenuous and oppressive. Christians are instructed to submit to the governing authorities (Romans 13) and to work within the political system. The government was never intended to be a means of evangelism. The church is. And the church must be flexible enough to adapt to any culture. Christianity translates, whereas Islam dominates. Any religion that relies on the power of the state to ensure adherence obviously has no confidence in the power of its God to rule hearts.

Christians do not seek a theocracy nor should the church overly concern itself with civil/legal issues. We can speak on civil issues, but enforcing civil law is not our business. By the same token, respect for God, tithing, church attendance and other outward expressions of personal piety are not civil concerns. Jesus nullified the theocratic approach because it had served its purpose. He in turn established an ecclesiastical approach because only the local church can effectively reach local peoples within the context of their particular customs and circumstances. (Didn’t the Old Testament punish blasphemy with death- How is that different from radical Islam?)

Leviticus 24:17 'If a man takes the life of any human being, he shall surely be put to death.  (he. Ge. 9:5, 6. Ex. 21:12–14. Nu. 35:31. Dt. 19:11, 12


Leviticus 24:18 'The one who takes the life of an animal shall make it good, life for life. (Lev 24:21. Ex. 21:34–36)


Leviticus 24:19 'If a man injures his neighbor, just as he has done, so it shall be done to him:   (Dt. 19:21. Mat. 5:38; 7:2)


Leviticus 24:20 fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for tooth; just as he has injured a man, so it shall be inflicted on him.  (Ex. 21:23–25. Dt. 19:21. Mat. 5:38)


Leviticus 24:21 'Thus the one who kills an animal shall make it good, but the one who kills a man shall be put to death.  (animal Lev 24:18. Ex. 21:33.


Leviticus 24:22 'There shall be one standard for you; it shall be for the stranger as well as the native, for I am the Lord your God.' "  (Lev 17:10; 19:34. Ex. 12:49. Nu. 9:14; 15:15, 16, 29)


Leviticus 24:23 Then Moses spoke to the sons of Israel, and they brought the one who had cursed outside the camp and stoned him with stones. Thus the sons of Israel did, just as the Lord had commanded Moses. (Nu. 15:35, 36. He. 2:2, 3; 10:28, 29)

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Last Updated February 21, 2015